Eravikulam National Park is spread over an extensive area of 97 sq kilometers along the crest of the Western Ghats in Idukki district. It is one of the most important tourist destinations in Kerala, located 15 kilometer from Munnar. Eravikulam National Park is located in the High Ranges (Kannan Devan Hills) of the Southern Western Ghats in the Devikulam Taluk of Idukki District. It is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary. Eravikulam National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The national park is divided into 3 areas — the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. In which, the Rajamalai is known to be the tourism area of the park. The tourists are allowed to travel deep into the forest to explore the hidden beauty of the environment around. Private vehicles are not allowed inside. Only few mini buses are operated inside in order to control the environment pollution.
The park has a rare collection of varieties of trees and shrubs. You can find here climax grasslands. Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr, estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates are gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer. Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are also found.
The Eravikulam National Park also has a rare collection of varieties of trees and shrubs. We can find grasslands here. Variety of orchids is one of the specialties of this park. About 120 species of birds like black and ornage flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing and Kerala laughing thrush can be spotted at Eravikulam National Park.